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Activists To Know

 

Some Biography Questions you'll need to answer 

 

 q       Thurgood Marshall (supreme court justice)

q       The Littlerock Nine

q       Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. (spiritual and civil rights leader)

q       Rosa Parks (civil rights leader)

q       Sojourner Truth (civil rights leader)

q       Harriet Tubman (abolitionist leader)

q       Fredrick Douglass (abolitionist leader)

q       Cesar Chavez (labor leader for farm workers)

q       Malcolm X

q       Ayn Rand

q       Margaret Sanger (the mother of legal birth control)

q       Mario Salvio or Savio

q       Eldridge Cleaver

q       Muhammed Ali

q       Mohandas Gandhi (spiritual and political leader through non-violence)

q       Dr. Ignaz Semmelweis (Revolutionized health by promoting handwashing by doctors)

q       Andrew Goodman, James Chaney, and Michael Schwerner

q       Medgar Evars

q       Fannie Lou Hamer

q       Viola Greg Liuzzo

q       Angela Davis

q       Aung San Suu Kyi (Nonviolent activist for democracy and human rights in Myanmar (Burma).

q       The Dalai Lama (spiritual leader in Tibet)

q       Rigoberta Menchú Tum (Human rights activist)

q       Susan B. Anthony (fought for women’s rights and the right to vote)

q       Elizabeth Cady Stanton (pioneered for women’s right to vote)

q       Jane Addams (Pioneer social worker)

q       Patsy Mink (first Asian-American woman as well as woman of color to be elected to Congress)

q       Betty Friedan (feminist, founder National Organization of Women))

q       Russell Means (Activist for Native American rights)

q       Elie Weisel (Holocaust survivor and advocate for peace)

q       Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu (Mother Teresa)

q       Dennis Banks (began the American Indian Movement)

q       Wilma Mankiller (first woman elected as Principal Chief of the Cherokee Nation)

q       Paul Hewson (Bono)

q       Rachel Carson (author, Silent Spring)

Some Important Persons Dedicated to the Pursuit of Social Justice
Martin Luther King, Jr. Mahatma Gandhi Nelson Mandela
Martin Luther King, Jr.
(1929-1968)
Civil Rights Leader
1964 Recipient of Nobel Peace Prize.
For more information, visit this link. Or visit the website for The King Center.
Mahatma Gandhi
(1869-1948)
Spiritual and political leader for India's independence from Britain through nonviolent protest.
For more information, visit the M.K. Gandhi Institute for Nonviolence.
Nelson Mandela
(1918-)
Resisted South African apartheid (imprisoned, 1962-1982); President of South Africa (1994-1999).
1993 Recipient of Nobel Peace Prize.
For more information, visit this link.
Aung San Suu Kyi Rigoerta Mechú Tum The Dalai Lama
Aung San Suu Kyi
(1945-)
Nonviolent activist for democracy and human rights in Myanmar (Burma). Under house arrest since 1990.
1991 Recipient of Nobel Peace Prize.
For more information, visit this link.
Rigoberta Menchú Tum
(1959-)
Human Rights Activist for Rights of Indigenous Peoples
1992 Recipient of Nobel Peace Prize.
For more information, visit this link.
The Dalai Lama
(1935-)
Spiritual Leader of the Tibetan people
1989 Recipient of Nobel Peace Prize.
For more information, visit this link.
Abraham Licoln Frederick Douglass Rosa Parks
Abraham Lincoln
(1809- 1865)
16th President of the United States; issued Emancipation Proclamation in 1863 that declared the freedom of slaves.
Frederick Douglass
(1818-1895)
Escaped slavery and became prominent activist for abolition of slavery and for the civil rights of all oppressed people.
Rosa Parks
(1913-)
Civil rights activist who challenged racial segregation in 1955 by refusing to give up her seat on a bus for a white man.
Susan B. Anthony Elizabeth Cady Stanton Jane Addams
Susan B. Anthony
(1820-1906)
Social activist who lobbied against slavery and for women's rights. She is most notably known for her involvement in suffragist movement (women's right to vote).
For more information, visit this link.
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
(1815-1902)
Pioneer with Susan Anthony in women's rights movement. For more information, visit this link.
Jane Addams
(1860-1935)
Pioneer social worker and feminist.
1931 Recipient of Nobel Peace Prize.
For more information, visit this link.
Simone de Beauvoir Betty Friedan Patsy Mink
Simone de Beauvoir
(1908-1986)
Philosopher and social essayist.
Her 1959 book, The Second Sex, had an important impact on 20th Century feminism.
Betty Friedan
(1921-)
Feminist activist; co-founder of National Organization for Women (NOW). Wrote influential 1963 book The Feminine Mystique.Visit the NOW website

Patsy Mink
(1927-2002)
Feminist activist, first Asian-American woman as well as woman of color to be elected to Congress. A leader in the passage of Title IX and named NOW Woman of Vision in June, 2002.

Gloria Steinem Maya Angelou Marian Wright Edelman
Gloria Steinem
(1934-)
Contemporary feminist activist; founding editor Ms. Magazine.
For more information, visit the Ms. Magazine website.
Maya Angelou
(1928-)
Author, civil-rights activist, and feminist. Confronts themes of racism and classism in her writings and speeches.
For more information, visit this link.
Marian Wright Edelman
(1939-)
Founder of the Children's Defense Fund (CDF), which advocates for rights of children.
For more information, visit the CDF webpage.
Russell Means Cesar Chavez Malcolm X
Russell Means
(1939-)
Activist for Native American rights; first national director of American Indian Movement (AIM).
For more information, visit the AIM website.
Cesar Chavez
(1927-1993)
Farm worker rights organizer; founded United Farm Workers (UFW).
For more information, visit the UFW website.
Malcolm X
(1925-1966)
Activist for African American pride and empowerment.
For more information, visit the official Malcolm X website.
Elie Wiesel Mother Teresa Amartya Sen
Elie Wiesel
(1928-)
Jewish Holocaust survivor and advocate for peace.
1986 Recipient of Nobel Peace Prize.
For more information, visit this link.
Mother Teresa
(Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu)
(1910-1997)
Devoted life to working among the poorest of the poor.
1979 Recipient of Nobel Peace Prize.
For more information, visit this link.
Amartya Sen
(1933-)
Economist whose work has helped understand world poverty and famine.
1998 Recipient of Nobel Prize in Economics.
For more information, visit this link.
Ralph Nader Jesse Jackson Noam Chomsky
.Ralph Nader
(1934-)
Consumer advocate, environmentalist, critic of corporate abuse; founder of Public Interest Research Group (PIRG);
For more information, visit this link. Or visit the PIRG website.
Jesse Jackson
(1941-)
Civil rights activist and religious leader; founder of Operation PUSH (People United to Save Humanity), now known as the Rainbow/Push Coalition (RPC).
For more information, visit the RPC website
Noam Chomsky
(1928-)
Equally famous in linguistics and politics. Has been a critic of abuses of power by government and corporations. Two of his notable books include Manufacturing Consent and Deterring Democracy.
ronald takaki Harvey Milk Audre Lorde
Ronald Takaki
(1939-)
Historian who has addressed dilemmas of race and ethnicity in the U.S. Some of his influential books include Iron Cages: Race and Culture in 19th Century America; Strangers from a Different Shore: A History of Asian Americans; and A Different Mirror: A History of Multicultural America.
Harvey Milk
(1930-1978)
First openly gay man elected to public office in U.S. (San Francisco City Council, 1977); assassinated in 1978.
For more information, visit this link.
Audre Lorde
(1934-1992)
Poet; activist for gay and lesbian rights; advocate for celebration of African American culture.
For more information, visit this link.
Eleanor Roosevelt Frances Fox Piven Howard Zinn
Eleanor Roosevelt
(1884-1962)
First Lady of the United States (1933-1945); head of U.N. Human Rights Commission that drafts Declaration of Human Rights (1946-1947); civil rights and human rights activist.
For more information, visit this link.
Frances Fox Piven
(1932-)
Political scientist whose work has addressed the role of welfare as a form of political and economic control over the poor and the working class. Two of her notable books include Regulating the Poor and Why Americans Don't Vote.
Howard Zinn
(1922-)
Historian and social justice activist. His most famous book is A People's History of the United States. Some of his essays are collected in the Zinn Reader: Writings on Disobedience and Democracy.
John Muir Rachel Carson Julia Butterfly Hill
John Muir
(1838-1914)
One of the founders of the environmentalist movement; first President of Sierra Club.
For more information, visit this link. Or visit the Sierra Club website.
Rachel Carson
(1907-1964)
Exposed how chemicals used in agriculture were polluting the water supply and ourselves.
For more information, visit this link.
Julia Butterfly Hill
(1974-)
Environmental activist; founder of Circle of Life Foundation. Wrote book on social activism, One Makes A Difference: Inspiring Actions That Change a World.
For more information, visit this link. Or visit the Circle of Life Foundation's website.
Bono

Wilma Mankiller
(1945-)
The first woman elected as Principal Chief of the Cherokee Nation. Advocate for the Cherokee Nation; established the Cherokee Community Development Department. For more information, visit this link or the National Women's Hall of Fame.

Bono
(Paul Hewson)
(1960-)
Singer/songwriter and social activist. Has lobbied for Third World debt relief, human rights, and the environment.

Naomi Klein
(1970-)
Activist journalist; her award-winning book, No Logo: Taking Aim at the Brand Bullies, highlighted the far-reaching impact of global corporations on culture and poverty. For more information, visit the No Logo website.

   

Dennis Banks
(1937-)
Native American leader, activist, teacher, lecturer, and author. He founded the Sacred Run and co-founded the American Indian Movement (AIM).
For more information, visit this link.

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